Establishment of weights and measures based on SI units, as adopted by CGPM and recognized by OIML.
It is provided to prescribe the specifications of measuring instruments used in commercial transactions, industrial production, and measurements involved in public health and human safety.
Regulations of Interstate trade and commerce in weights and measures and commodities sold, distributed, or supplied by weights and measures. Pre Packaged commodities are sold or intended to be sold in the course of interstate commerce.
Approval before the manufacturer of models of weights and measuring instruments intended to be manufactured after the commencement of proposed legislation. Control and regulation of export and import of weights and measures and commodities in pad form.
Standards of weights and measures packed commodity rules, 1977
When commodities are to be distributed or sold in package form in the course of Interstate commerce or trade, every package must have a plain and conspicuous declaration thereon showing the identity of the commodity on the package.
The net quantity in terms of standard units of weights and measures should be an accurate number.
In the unit sale price of the commodity and the sale price of the particular package of that commodity, the name of the manufacturer and also the packer distributor should be mentioned on the package.
In this regard, the packaged commodities rules framed in 1977 extended to the whole of India.
Where are the rules of weights and measures applied?
Packages are specifically used in any industry as raw material or to service any industry.
Commodities excluding drugs and medicines whose net weight is 20 grams or less than 20ml or less if sold by weight or measures.
Any package containing fast food items packed by hotels restaurants etc.
Drugs were covered under the drugs price control order 1955.
What is the object of weights and measures?
Legal Metrology Weights and measures may be ranked among the necessities of life for every individual in human society. They enter into the economic arrangements and daily concerns of every family, said Mr John Quincy Adams, the 6th U.S. President, in his report in 1821.
The essence of these words shows the importance of weights and measures.
Legal metrology is the name by which the law relating to weights and measures is known as international parallels.
Legal metrology is vital for the scientific, industrial, and technological progress of any country.
It is the establishment of legal metrology national standards of weights and measures and their proper enforcement aimed at ensuring the accuracy of measurements and measuring instruments.
Thus, legal metrology strengthens the national economy in a broader sense besides being a potential instrument of consumer protection.
The scope of legal metrology according to international practice extends to three broad fields of human activities,
namely industrial measurement,
commercial transactions, and
the measurement needed to ensure the public health and human safety.
The coverage of legal metrology varies from country to country. However, almost all practical measurements are made under the purview of legal metrology, whereas in other countries, legal metrology finds restricted application in a few quantities like length, mass, and volume used in trade and commerce.
In most countries, legal metrology emphasizes measurements that have bearing on the protection of individuals from the financial and environmental point of view.
Legal metrology can be defined as a part of metrology that deals with units of
methods of measurement, and
measuring instruments insofar as they are concerned with statutory, technical, and legal requirements which have the ultimate object of ensuring public guarantee from the point of view of security and of appropriate weights and measurements.
Organization of Legal Metrology
According to OIML, legal metrology is the entirety of the
technical procedures established by or by reference to public authorities and implemented on their behalf to specify and ensure, in the regulatory or contractual manner, the appropriate quality and credibility of measurement related to the official control of health, safety, and the environment.
OIML stands for the Organization of Legal Metrology, which develops model regulations and international recommendations that provide members with an internationally agreed-upon framework for the establishment of national legislation on various categories and measuring instruments.
Given the increasing national implementation of OIML guidelines, more and more manufacturers are referring to the OIML international recommendations to ensure that their products meet international specifications for metrological performance and testing.
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